By the end of the 1st Year, your baby should:
Sit up for periods of time with no support
Crawl forward and backward
Stand by themselves (sometimes holding onto something)
Pick up an object while standing (sometimes holding onto something)
Move around furniture or walk around it while holding on Mimic others
By the end of the 2nd Year, your baby should:
Walk without holding your hand
Pull a toy while walking
Carry a toy while walking
Begin to run
Stand on tiptoes
Kick a ball
Climb onto and down from the sofa
Walk up and down stairs holding onto support
By the end of the 3rd Year, your baby should:
Walk up and down stairs, alternating feet
Kick and direct the motion of a ball
Pedal a tricycle
Bend over easily without falling
By the end of the 4th Year, your baby should:
Hop and stand on one foot for up to 5 seconds
Go up and down stairs without help
Kick a ball forward
Throw a ball overhand
Catch a bounced ball most of the time
Move forward and backward with agility
By the end of the 5th Year, your baby should:
Stand on one foot for 10 seconds or longer
Pump on a swing
Begin to skip
Is your little one not quite there yet or do you want to help him or her meet developmental milestones? Use these household items for help!
Balloons: These are great for visual tracking, throwing and catching! Throw them up in the air and have your little one catch it. It falls slowly so you'll be able to help him or her practice reaction time. Throw it at your toddler and have him duck to avoid it! Test how fast his reaction time is and, the best part is, it won't hurt if it hits him!.
Paper Towel Rolls: When they're empty, fill them up with rice, cover each end and wrap it up in tape. Then use it as a shaker and make music with your little one. Have him mimic the sounds you make and follow a beat!
Hula Hoops: Your little one might be too small to hula hoop with it but she can still jump through it, in and out of it, push it or pull it around.
Sprinklers: Not everyone can have a pool in the backyard. When it's hot, you don't need a pool. Use the sprinklers in your front or back yard for some summer fun. Jump in and out of the water, try to jump away from the sprinkler or bring out a slip n' slide near it.
Pots & pans: Most kitchens have stacks of pots and pans that fit together, one on top of the other, from smalllest to biggest. Separate all of the pots in the pile and have your little one try and put them back in the order they belong in!
Fruit Loops or other Colored Cereal: Of course it's a food that is eaten for breakfast or a snack but, before eating it, learn something with it! Have your little one separate the different colors and name them for you each day before breakfast. In no time, he'll know the basic red, green, yellow and orange colors!
Paper: Have paper that needs to be shredded before being thrown out? Have your little one rip it up for you! The dexterity needed to tear pieces of paper helps them refine their fine motor skills!
Glasses: Even if you no longer use them to drink out of, save those kids' cups you get at restaurants. Place it on the table or on the floor and have your little one practice making it in the cup. Throw a plastic ball, coins, pieces of macaroni or any other object.
Chalk: Take it outside and start writing! Practice letters, numbers, shapes & more. When you're done, leave it out there and let the rain or the sprinklers wash it away! Better yet, draw a hopscotch and start jumping!
Rope: Use it to jump rope as usual, play tug or war or as a line marker on the ground for a race!